Loughinisland: Police Ombudsman collusion report slammed by judge

Posted By: December 21, 2017



MASSACRE: The six men killed in Loughinisland were, from top left, Adrian Rogan, Barney Green and Dan McCreanor and (from bottom left) Eamon Byrne, Malcolm Jenkinson and Patsy O’Hare



Irish News. Thursday, December 21, 2017


A damning watchdog report which found RUC officers colluded with loyalists who massacred six Catholic men 23 years ago was unlawful and procedurally unfair, a High Court judge ruled today.

Mr. Justice McCloskey held that the Police Ombudsman went beyond his statutory powers in reaching conclusions on the Loughinisland atrocity which are unsustainable in law.

He also found that none of the police officers subjected to “destructive and withering condemnations”  of colluding with UVF terrorists in the Heights Bar attack had the protection of due process.

“They were, in effect, accused, tried and convicted without notice and in their absence,” he said.

The scathing verdict came in a legal challenge to the Police Ombudsman’s report mounted by retired senior policemen Raymond White and Thomas Hawthorne.

A further hearing next month will determine whether the watchdog’s findings should be formally quashed.

UVF gunmen opened fire in the Co Down village pub as their victims watched a World Cup football match in June 1994.

The men killed were: Adrian Rogan (34), Malcolm Jenkinson (53), Barney Green (87), Daniel McCreanor (59), Patrick O’Hare (35), and Eamon Byrne (39). Five others were wounded in the attack.

In June last year the Police Ombudsman, Dr. Michael Maguire, said collusion between some officers and the loyalists was a significant feature in the murders.

He found no evidence police had prior knowledge but identified “catastrophic failings” in the investigation. One of the suspects in the attack was an informer,  according to the finding.


Relatives of Loughinisland victims pictured outside court with Sinn Féin MP Chris Hazzard and solicitor Niall Murphy

Police were also said to have been aware of a UVF gang operating in south Down and involved in previous murders.

Other failures identified in the report included a delay in arresting suspects whose names were known within 24 hours of the shooting.

But Mr. White, a representative of the Northern Ireland Retired Police Officers’ Association, and Mr. Hawthorne, a retired chief superintendent and former sub-divisional commander in the area, challenged the legality of the Ombudsman’s public statement.

Their lawyers argued that the Ombudsman exceeded his legal powers in creating an “ad hoc” investigative system and that his report denied rights and protections to those under scrutiny.

Delivering judgment, Mr. Justice McCloskey noted how Mr. Hawthorne was Northern Ireland’s first ever recipient of the Queen’s Gallantry Medal.

Terrorists shot and injured him, as well as bombing his home, during a lifetime of police service, the court heard.

The judge held that the Ombudsman’s report neither accused nor found him guilty of the “catastrophic failures” in the police investigation.

Mr. Hawthorne was also excluded from the “unambiguous determination” that collusion was a significant feature in the Loughinsland murders – vindicating him unreservedly.

According to Mr. Justice McCloskey, the report should have made clear that the Ombudsman’s unqualified findings did not apply to the former sub-divisional commander.

“However, it signally failed to do so. The authors of the report were careless, thoughtless and inattentive in the language and structuring of the document in this respect,” he said.

Referring to the collusion claims, he continued: “It is difficult to conceive of a more withering and damning condemnation of professional police officers.”

The Ombudsman, he found, did not use the language of accusation, or opt for the restrained vocabulary of opinion, belief or suspicion.

“Rather, he determined, unambiguously, that collusion had occurred,” the judge said.

“This was an outright and unqualified condemnation. It is properly described as a verdict.”

The determination that RUC officers colluded with UVF terrorists in carrying out the Heights Bar attack was little different from a verdict of guilty beyond reasonable doubt, the judge said.

He pointed out that no police officer was prosecuted for such actions or accused of disciplinary offenses.

Finding that Mr. Hawthorne was given no advanced notice of critical passages in the report, Mr. Justice McClokskey confirmed: “The resulting diagnosis of procedural unfairness follows inexorably.”

Ruling that the challenge must succeed, he said: “The Police Ombudsman’s determination of police collusion in the Loughinsland murders is unsustainable in law as it was not in accordance with the Ombudsman’s statutory powers.”

Expressing regret that his verdict meant finality and closure for the victims’ families would again be postponed, the judge stressed his role was to carry out an independent, impartial and dispassionate adjudication.

Speaking after today’s ruling, Sinn Féin MP for South Down Chris Hazzard said: “This is obviously a bitterly disappointing ruling, but whatever criticisms have been made regarding the Ombudsman’s handling of the report, that does mean that collusion was not involved in this case. There is a wealth of evidence already established regarding the scale of state collusion with the loyalist paramilitaries who carried out the Loughinisland massacre. And it’s important to state that the judge didn’t controvert any of the facts that were in the original Ombudsman’s report. The car used in the attack was still destroyed, interview notes were still destroyed, suspects were still protected.”

UUP MLA Alan Chambers called on Police Ombudsman Michael Maguire to resign.

“Allegations of collusion have been used to smear the reputation of the RUC and question the credibility of the justice system in Northern Ireland,” he said.

“For the Police Ombudsman’s Office to be the source of a report that has been so comprehensively rejected by the High Court should be a matter of huge embarrassment for the Ombudsman, and he should do the right thing and go now.”

A spokesman for the Police Ombudsman’s Office claimed the verdict could have wider implications for historical cases and raised the possibility of an appeal.

He said: “We respect the judgment of the court, and are clearly disappointed. We will need time over the coming weeks to consider it carefully. As we look at the judgment in more detail, we will examine all the options open to us including an appeal. Clearly, however, we have to wait until the final outcome of the challenge.”

The spokesman added: “This judgment may have implications for how Northern Ireland deals with historical matters, affecting not only this Office but also proposed solutions such as the Historical Inquiries Unit.”