Fire crews tackled more than 1,800 bonfires in five years

Posted By: July 26, 2018

“The pathology of Bonfires in Northern Ireland has nothing to do with culture: building massive, dangerous bonfires in built-up city areas is total madness—dangerous to life, property and the environment. And that does not even take into account the often obscene practice of burning in effigy Catholic leaders. Not to mention burning images and statues of Our Blessed Lady, the Mother of Jesus Christ. What sort of Protestantism is that? What sort of religion is that? What sort of culture is that? How does that build up the Beloved Community in Northern Ireland?”—Fr. Sean Mc Manus

Fire crews tackled more than 1,800 bonfires in five years

 Rory Winters, The Detail. Belfast  July 9, 2018


The Northern Ireland Fire and Rescue Service (NIFRS) dealt with 1,809 bonfires in five years at a cost of almost £330,000, The Detail can reveal.

Between 2013 and 2017, 36% of these call outs occurred in July each year. These were often for bonfires on July 11 ahead of the July 12 loyal order parades.

However, the figures also show that NIFRS dealt with bonfires throughout the calendar year, though many are likely to have been fires or incidents of a smaller scale.

NIFRS told The Detail: “Our statutory duty is to protect people and property from the dangers of fire. If we are called out to a bonfire which has been lit it is because someone in that community is concerned and has dialed 999 for help.

“We provide bonfire safety advice to those building bonfires in order to protect life, property and the environment.”

Progressive Unionist Party leader Billy Hutchinson commended the work of NIFRS: “I would say engagement between community representatives and the fire service is always positive.

“NIFRS are quick to provide builders with information on how to make bonfires less dangerous and, in my experience, people are more than happy to listen and engage.”

PUP leader Billy Hutchinson

But Green Party leader in Northern Ireland Steven Agnew said: “Causing damage to people’s homes, our roads or the environment isn’t a positive form of community celebration or cultural expression.

“But, we must not categorize all bonfires as problematic because of issues experienced in a few areas.”


There were 16 days when fire crews were dispatched to deal with bonfires on 15 or more occasions, which represented the highest rates of call outs.

Table showing days when engines were dispatched to deal with bonfires on 15 or more occasions

The table shows that dates, when bonfires are lit in July, caused NIFRS to respond most often.

Bonfires on Halloween night also regularly require the assistance of the fire service.

Some nationalists continue to mark the introduction of internment without trial in 1971 by lighting bonfires on August 8, which saw 15 bonfire call outs in 2016. In each of the five years, August 8 saw fire crews sent to bonfire sites on at least six occasions.

The fire service said: “July 11/12 and October 31 are the key dates that NIFRS are called to respond to bonfire related incidents every year.

“NIFRS prepares for these dates in advance through operational planning, to ensure service delivery is maintained across Northern Ireland, and by working with local communities, other statutory agencies and elected representatives. Our priority is public and fire-fighter safety.

“In preparation for July 11, NIFRS works closely with other emergency services to plan any emergency response required.”


The Detail accessed this data by making a Freedom of Information (FOI) request to NIFRS.

The FOI response showed that the fire service spent £326,385.93 on bonfires between 2013 and 2017.

Almost half of this money was spent in July each year. We also found that 16 individual bonfires cost the service over £1,000.

Table showing bonfires which cost NIFRS £1,000 or more to deal with

NIFRS said it works closely and proactively with local communities, statutory partner agencies, and elected representatives to ensure public safety at bonfires.

“We visit bonfire sites in advance to develop good relations in the community, provide bonfire safety advice and to gain operational intelligence on bonfire size, hazards and any potential risk to property to help prepare and plan our operational response.

“This on the groundwork has been happening for many years across Northern Ireland.”

NIFRS also stressed, however, that it has no enforcement power in relation to the size or location of bonfires.

Mid-Ulster Council has recently implemented a bonfire licensing scheme while other councils run bonfire management programmes.

Alliance Party and Sinn Féin election posters on a bonfire in 2014. The data published today by The Detail covers the period 2013-17


Belfast councilor Billy Hutchinson leads the loyalist Progressive Unionist Party (PUP). He said the vast majority of bonfires pass “without major incident.”

“Many bonfires self-regulate, and some don’t. Nobody wants to see damage done to property or people getting hurt. I think that for the most part bonfire builders try to make bonfires safe.

“There were obviously some well-publicised incidents last year which attracted lots of media attention but, on the flip side of that, people then forget about the vast majority of bonfires which are safe and don’t cause damage to people’s houses or businesses.”

He added: “Every bonfire builder out there believes it’s their right to have bonfires and express their culture and I agree with them.”

On the burning of political posters and effigies on bonfires, the PUP leader said: “I want to see it eradicated, 100%. How do we do that though? My poster has been burnt on bonfires in Divis multiple times, but to be honest, it doesn’t bother me too much.

“I can understand why people don’t like it but I try not to take offense, you can’t in this country.

“Most bonfires are self-regulated, and hopefully, as a result of this, we will see fewer and fewer negative stories about bonfires being written. It won’t just happen overnight, however.”


Northern Ireland Green Party leader Steven Agnew praised the work of NIFRS, particularly on July 11 night. He also raised concerns regarding the risk of environmental damage from bonfires.

The fire service said it advises against burning foam-filled furniture, tires, aerosols, tins of paint or bottles, toxic or hazardous materials and placing fires where there is an added risk of environmental damage.

Green Party leader Steven Agnew

“I don’t want to see toxic tires or waste material burnt on bonfires. That is an environmental risk and a health risk for anyone living in the area,” Mr. Agnew said.

“The Green Party recognizes bonfire celebrations can make a positive contribution to the diverse cultural calendar, where there is genuine community consent.

“Unfortunately, a number of bonfires have come into sharp focus because of safety risks and paramilitary influence.

“Politicians must use their influence to ensure that paramilitaries don’t hijack bonfires and that they remain a true community event.

“The best bonfire celebrations are those who happen with the support of the community, local councils and statutory agencies and without the influence of paramilitary organizations.”